Ici final report PDF

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1. 1 Proposal for the Construction of Food Grocer Prepared by: 1. Teo Vi Vien (0321645) 2. Wong De-Vin (0319814) Tutor: Miss Ann See Peng 2. 2 Content Topic Page Cover 1 Content 2 Introduction 3 OurSite 4 SiteAnalysisandObservation 5-8 RationalesandClientEvaluation 9-10 ConceptProposal 11-12 PlansandElevations 13-21 DrainageSystem 22 FireSafety 23 AttributesofSupermarketConstruction 24 OperationalEnergyUsed 25 TaskOfProfessionsInvolved 26-27 LocalAuthoritiesApproval 28-35 3. 3 INTRODUCTION This is our final project for the module introduction to construction industry (ICI), for this assignment, we are required to find a partner and produce a minimum 20 pages report. Our task is to find a 30m x 30m (900 meters square) to 30m x 40m (1200 meters square) empty land and come up with a proposal to consult a potential client to construct a building in the site chosen. The proposing construct building is required to serve one of the purposes as mentioned below: Recreation area, Commercial area, Industrial area, Agricultural area, Tourism area and Residential area. The objective of this assignment is not only to enable students to develop an understanding of the building team, its organization, duties and inter-relations within which they will seek employment, career progression or further study but also To develop an awareness of their professional responsibilities and to appreciate their profession in the construction industry. To make this assignment successful for us, we are encouraged to explain the need to coordinate and develop an understanding of coherent working relations among various industry players and to improve the communication channels. We are also to show our ability to document our observations and understanding from our visit to our site and also research towards our site. 4. 4 OURSITE Oursiteislocatedat3.061732,101.610481onGoogleMaps. Theareais67mx67m(4489metersquares).Thereason whywechosethissiteisbecauseitisanopenspacewhich lacksbuildingsanddesign.Itisabigwastetothisempty landasitisaverystrategicareabecauseitislocatednear residentialareasandalsoauniversity. 5. 5 SITEANALYSISANDOBSERVATION Oursiteislocated1.5kmawayfromTaylorsUniversityLakeside Campus.Oursitecanbereachedbycar,whichis5minutes,orby walk,whichis22minutesfromTaylorsUniversity.Oursiteis 30mx35m(1050metersquare).ItisanemptylandnexttoaHigh- RaisedApartment.Theonlyentrancethatvehiclecanentertothis emptylandisfromanentrancewhichsharesthesameroadtoenter theapartment.Thereforethatentrancewillalsobeourproposed entranceforourcommercialbuilding.ThereisaslopeattheEastend ofoursiteandthatwillbeourmaindrainageandwastesystemfor ourcommercialbuilding.Thetrafficrateatoursiteisslightlyjam duringpeakhoursandtrafficrateislowduringnormalhours. 6. 6 Picturesfromoursite: Viewfromthemainroadtooursite Viewfromtheentranceoftheapartmenttothemainroad ViewfromentranceofcondominiumtotheHighwayconnectingroad 7. 7 Viewfromthemainroadtotheapartment Viewfrommainroadtotheentranceofapartment Viewfromapartmenttooursite 8. 8 Advantages OursiteislocatedjustoutsideofTaylorsLakesidewithadistanceof 1.5km.Thisisoneofthemainadvantagesofbuildingoursiteasthe corepurposeofthisprojectistocreateconvenienceforuniversity studentswhostayinBandarSunwaytoaccessthebuildingwithout thehassleoftrafficcongestion. Mosthigh-riseapartmentsarelocatedaroundtheareatocreate conveniencefortheresidentstoaccessthebuilding,especiallyfor thosewhodonotownavehicleasthewalkingdistanceisatan averageof5minutesfromtheproposedbuildingtotheapartments. Thereisawideexpanseofopenspacetocreateapotentialspacefor futuredevelopment.Italsohasanexistingflatgroundtoeasethe processofconstruction. Disadvantages Despitethegoodpotentialofoursiteforourproposedplan,italso hasitsdownsidethatmightbethereasonofitslackofusageand abandonedopenarea. Itonlyhasoneaccesspointwherevehicleshavetoturninfromthe apartmentlocatednexttooursitebeforeentering.Therefore,the flowoftrafficisadifficultprocedureasitonlyhasoneentryandexit point. Oursiteislocatedatalowareawhereitholdswaterafteraheavy rainfall.Standingwatercreatesapotentialspotformosquitosto breedwhichwillcauseahugedisadvantageforourproposedplan.A stormwatercatchbasins(system)havetobeinstalledtosolvethis problem. Oursitedoesnothaveagoodview.Itoverlooksalow-endapartment anditislocatednexttoacrossjunction.Theviewisnotpleasingto theeyes. 9. 9 RationaleandClientEvaluation Afterthoroughdiscussionandresearchonoursite,alsoemphasizing ontheadvantagesanddisadvantagesoftheexistingnatureofthe area,wehavedecidedtoproposeacommercialareawithamid-end hypermarket,foodcourtandfastfoodjointwithdrive-thruservice. Forthisconstructionproject,welookupontheweaknessofthe nearbyplacesofthesamefacilitiesandfunctionstocompareand improveontheirweaknessestoproposeaplantobettersuitthe clientsofourproject. Wehavedistinguishedafewissuesthatarenotsuitableforour proposedplanandcameupwithalistofimprovedsuggestions accordingtotheareas. High-endhypermarketatSunwayPyramid 1. PriceofgroceriesanditemsaremoreexpensivePriceof goodssoldatthehigh-endhypermarketareplacedatahigher priceduetotheexpensiverentalandemphasizeontheinterior design. 2. HighcostofimportedgoodsHigh-endhypermarkets usuallyimportqualitygoodsthatarepricedtoohighandare notaffordableforstudentswholivenearthearea. 3. AreatoosmallHigh-endhypermarketaresmallercompared tomid-endhypermarkets,hencetherearelesservarietiesfor customerstochoosefrom. RestaurantsinSyopzMall 1. LimitedchoicesofrestaurantsThestudentsofTaylors Universityfacedilemmasofwhattoeatforluncheverydayas therearenotmuchvarietyincampus. 2. Priceoffoodisnotaffordableforstudents-Thepricestarts fromRM15andabovewithno 3. ClosingtimetooearlyMostrestaurantsincampusareclosed at9pm.Onlythemamakandconvenientstoresareopen 24/7.Moststudentswhoovernightatcampusdonothavea completemealtoeat. 10. 10 FastFoodJointnexttoSunwayToll 1. NodirectaccesstocampusfromtherestaurantStudentswho drivehavetomakeahugeroundaroundSubangataproximate durationof15minutesbeforegoingbacktocampus. 2. IsolatedlocationThefastfoodjointislocatedbesidethetoll inanon-strategicareaandcustomershavetopaythetollafter theyfinisheddining. 3. Nodrive-thruserviceDrive-thruserviceisnotavailable, customerswhoareinarushwillnotenjoytheconvenienceof takingawayefficiently. Throughstudyingtheweaknessesoftheseareas,wehavedecidedto improveonourconstructionproject.Theproposalisrequiredto fulfillthefollowingcriteria. 1. Thewholeprojectwillbefinishedwithintheestimatedtime. 2. Thespaceisutilizedsufficiently. 3. Benefitthesocietyandimproveontheweaknessofthehigh- endhypermarket,restaurantsinsyopzandfastfoodjointnext totheSunwayToll. 11. 11 CONCEPT Rationaleofourconcept: Theconceptofoursiteistoprovideaconvenientandaffordable hypermarketincludinganefficientfoodcourtonthegroundfloor. Wealsoaimtobuildthisbuildingwiththecheapestyetsustainable materialswithanattractiveexteriordesignofthebuilding.The interiorofourbuildingisalsoveryorganizedforthecustomersto haveacomfortableandorganizedgroceryshoppingexperience. Organizedshelvesfor easieraccesstofind products Attractiveand sustainabledesign 12. 12 Advantagesofourconcept: Itislocatedatasitewhereitiseasytobeaccessed.Italsovery convenientfortheresidentsnearby.Ourconceptisalsovery organizedanditiseasyforcustomerstofindtheproductstheyneed. Thereisalsoafoodcourtandafastfoodjointlocatedattheground floorofthebuildingfortheconvenienceofthecustomersinrush. Thepurposeofthefoodcourtistoprovidemorevarietiesforthe customersastherearelimitedchoicesofrestaurantnearby. FoodCourtwithvarieties DriveThruservicesat fastfoodjoints 13. 13 LocationPlan 14. 14 ExistingPlan 15. 15 FloorPlan GroundFloor 16. 16 FirstFloor 17. 17 SecondFloor 18. 18 FrontElevation 19. 19 SideElevation 20. 20 CrossSection 21. 21 Carparkandtrafficflow Carparksareoftenassociatedwithlargeretailcomplexesandsteel framedcarparksareacommonsolution.Columnspacingof5.2m and7.5malignwith2or3carparkspacesandspansareoften4.5m, 7mand4.5msothatacentralaisleiscreated.Long-spansteelframed carparksarealsopopularand16.5misthecommonspaninthese cases. 22. 22 DrainageSystem CatchBasins A catch basin is an inlet to a storm drain system that typically includes a grate where storm water enters, and a sump to capture sediment, debrisandassociatedpollutants. Catch basins are designed specifically for capturing and conveyingstormwater.Typically,on private commercial or industrial sites, there is no standard for the placement of catch basins. Storm water drain systems are often installed based on the best professionaljudgmentandexperienceofthedesignengineer. The estimated peak storm water flow rate dictates the number of catchbasinsneededonasite.Thepercentimpervioussurface,slope, averagerainfallandrainfallintensityareallfactorsincalculatingthe peakflowrate. VacuumDrainageSystem The condensation wastewater can be lifted vertically up from the freezer and transported throughpipingintheceilingtoa drain elsewhere in the building. Special greater tanks called interceptors are used to ensure the water transport's efficiency. The piping for condensation watercanbemovedeasilywhen floorplanschange. 23. 23 FireSafety Firesafedesignisimportantinretailbuildings,bothforprovisionof effectivemeansofescapeinafireandalsotoprotecttheassetvalue ofthebuildinganditscontents. Thefireresistanceisgenerally120minutesandalifesafetysprinkler systemisalsorequired. Intumescentcoatingsarepaintlikematerialswhichareinertatlow temperaturesbutwhichprovideinsulationasaresultofacomplex chemical reaction at temperatures typically of about 200-250C. At thesetemperaturesthepropertiesofsteelwillnotbeaffected. Boardsareusedasstructuralfireprotection.Theyofferthespecified aclean,boxedappearanceandhavetheadditionaladvantagesthat application is a dry trade and may not have significant impacts on other activities. Also, boards are factory manufactured and thicknessescanbeguaranteed.Furthermore,boardscanbeapplied onunpaintedsteelwork. 24. 24 AttributesofSupermarketConstruction 1. Speedofconstructionisincreasedbypre-fabrication. Supermarketconstructionisfast,withcontractdurationsfor newbuildstoresof60007000m2typicallyrangingfrom22to 26weeks.Rationalizeddesignandstandardproductsare necessarytoachievesuchcompressedprograms. 2. Economyintermsofstructurecost Asforallconstructionclients,supermarketchainsare concernedaboutreducinginitialbuildcost,butasowner occupiers,theyalsotakeintoaccountthelong-termimpactof investmentdecisions.Theyusepaybackandlifecyclecosting assessmentstodetermineadditionalinvestmentinflexibility, reducedrunningcostsorsustainability. 3. Sustainabledesignandlightweightconstruction Astore'stargetmarketwillalsoinfluencethearchitectural designoftheexteriorofthebuilding,andthematerialsthatare used,glazingsystems,floorfinishesetc.,thatarepartially determinedbylocation,targetmarketandprojectedturnover. 4. Longspansforflexibleuseofspace Supermarketsalsohaveextensiveback-of-storefacilitiesfor staff,officesandstorage.Targetfiguresfortotalback-of-house spacehavefallenfrom50%ofgrossinternalfloorareato25- 40%,dependinguponthesizeandtargetmarketofthestore. 5. Convenienceoftrafficflow Parking,accessanddistributionarealsokeyaspectsofthe designsolution.Thespaceforcarparkingisalsoextensiveand insomelocations,doublelevelcarparksarerequired.Most supermarketsareservicedatnightwhichrequiressuitable access,turningandoff-loadingspace. 25. 25 Operationalenergyusedinsupermarkets Lightingwas foundtobethe mostsignificant energydemand, accountingfor aroundahalfof thetotal operational carbon emissions. Consequently efficientlighting systemscoupled withoptimum rooflightdesign areimportantin deliveringoperationalcarbonreductions.Thecomplexityofthe interactionbetweenbuildingorientation,rooflightdesign,lighting systemsanddaylightdimminglightingcontrolsinsupermarket buildingsrequiresdetaileddynamicthermalmodellingin conjunctionwithgoodlightingdesigntodevelopanoptimum lightingsolution. Efficientlightingofsupermarketsarehighlydependentonthe presenceandconfigurationoftheshelvingandrackingsystemsused. Whereobstructionssuchashighbayrackingareinstalled,the buildingiseffectivelysplitintoanumberofnarrow,corridortype spaceswhichrequiremanymorefittings,andhencemoreenergy,to achievethesamelevelanduniformityoflighting. Specialgreatertankscalledinterceptorsareusedtoensurethewater transport'sefficiency.Thepipingforcondensationwatercanbe movedeasilywhenfloorplanschange. 26. 26 Taskofprofessionsinvolvedinbuildingconstructions 1. Architect Thearchitectsprovidevariousdesigns,thenprepares drawingsandareportpresentingideastotheclientbasedon hisneeds.Afterdiscussingandagreeingontheinitialproposal, architectsdevelopfinalconstructionplansthatshowthe building'sappearanceanddetailsforitsconstruction.Theplan isthenpassedtotheStructuralEngineerforhisowndesign. 2. StructureEngineer Afterthearchitecturaldesigniscompleted,SEarethenext professionalstoworkonthedesign. ThejobscopeoftheStructuralEngineerincludes -Designingthestructuralmembers(slabs,beams,columnsand foundations)withtheGeotechnicalEngineer. -Determinethesizes(thicknessspananddepth)ofstructural membersandthequality,size,typeandquantityof reinforcements. -Decideonthequalityandtypeofmaterialsusedforstructural membersandtherequiredconcretestrength -Designstherooftrussestosustainallexpectedloadsand forces -Producesthestructuraldrawingswhichisrequiredfor buildingconstructionapproval. 3. QuantitySurveyor TheQSestimatestheprojectbudget,analysistheeffectof designchangesonthebudgetandthemostnoticeablerole preparationofBillofQuantitiesthatassistinthetender process,producetenderdocumentandmanagethetender process,clarifyandevaluatetenders,variationscontrol, contractadministrationandassessmentofclaims,negotiate andsettlementofaccounts,Valuingcompletedworkand arrangingforpayments,expertwitnessreportincaseof dispute. 27. 27 4. Builder TheBuilderstudytheproductioninformationthatisthe drawings,schedulesandspecificationstheyanalyzethebuild abilityandmaintainabilityofbuildings.Hewritesonthe constructionmethodandprogram,assesstheworkmanship skillofartisanandsuggestsolutiontotechnicalproblems. 5. Consultant Theconsultantrepresentstheownerandtolendpractical expertisetothejob.Workingonbehalfoftheowner,the consultantcanidentifyandaddresspotentialconstruction problemsinthedesignstagesand,asanindependentparty, maybeinthebestpositiontosuggestcostsavingortime savingalternativesandtoevaluatesuggestionsmadebythe otherparties. 6. MechanicalandElectricalEngineer TheM&EEngineersdesignlayoutsandrequirementsfor buildingservicesforwhichisoneoftherequirementsfor buildingapproval.Designanddevelopm...