Homologation et testing des ADAS/v©hicules PIPERNO...  Homologation et testing des ADAS/v©hicules

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    Homologation et testing des ADAS/vhicules autonomes. - Etat des lieux rglementaire, normatif, Euro NCAP, - Testing et moyens d'essai

    24/11/2016 Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC-CERAM ( & VEDECOM)

    Autonomous Vehicle Expert & Project Manager for AD Testing & Homologation

    Leader of French automotive WG AD Testing & Homologation

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    UTAC CERAM at the hearth of the AD Ecosystem

    Introduction : UTAC & AD Ecosystem

    24/11/2016

    Active Member in AD regulation WG

    (ACSF in UNECE WP29 GRRF)

    ISO TC22 Co-Leader ADAS, HMI, ADDR, 26262, cyber-

    security

    REGULATION & STANDARDISATION

    Board Member

    Active Member in all WG in Highly Autonomous Driving

    Group

    Accredited laboratory

    Active Member

    Active Member : New Face of Industry in France French Automobile Platform (PFA) VEDECOM Research Institute:

    dedicated for AD & EU

    French AD research projects: Autoconduct and

    Autonomous shuttles

    H2020 ART 04 research projects: BRAVE

    Leader : R&D Project with a major French

    insurance company (MAIF

    Foundation)

    RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

  • 324/11/2016

    Juridique = juristes, lois, convention de Vienne = Code de la route chapeau = de plus en plus mondial : UNECE , WP1 road safety

    Technique = ingnieurs = normes, rglementation, homologation, rception

    Norme = rfrence technique, non obligatoire (ISO 26262, IHM for AD,)

    Rglementation technique automobile ( rglements, directives, dcrets,..)de + en + mondiale : UNECE WP29 World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

    Binome-coordination WP1(lois, conv.Vienne) - WP29 (rglementation technique)

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

    DEFINITIONS

  • 424/11/2016 Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

    DEFINITIONS

    Homologation = validation de la conformit aux rglementspar des essais ( et audit sdf pour les systmes complexes)

    = faite par les Services Techniques de ltat ( centre dessai ayant dlgation de ltat ) : 1 seul en France, UTAC.

    Rception = autorisation administrative dimmatriculer, circuler, commercialiser,si tous les PV dhomologation sont OK.

    France = CNRV Montlhry PSA,RSA environ 1 fois/an.

    Depuis 1990, Tout constructeur a le choix du pays/centre dhomologation.

    Une seule homologation valable dans toute lEurope.

  • 524/11/2016 Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

    DEFINITIONS

    Les nouvelles technologies sont souvent en avance sur la lgislation.Rglementation technique (WP29) et lois (WP1) sont indpendantes :

    LVV (limiteur volontaire de vitesse) : rglement (R89), non obligatoire, pas de loi (Un systme est lgal sil nest pas interdit).

    ESC (correction automatique de trajectoire) : vente ~1995, rglement 2011, hors lois & convention de Vienne car ESC, AEB, Airbag = systmes de scuritet pas aide la conduite par LOICA : A=warning, B=aide , C=scuritaire.

    RV (rgulateur de Vitesse) : vente ~1980, lgalis en mars 2016 par la CdViennequi autorisera toutes les aides influenant la conduite, pas de rglementation.

    Autopilot : vendu Europe par Tesla en 2016 , rglement en 2018.

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    ADAS & AD Regulation review : general view

    24/11/2016

    To anticipate the future mandatory needs we develops 4 key activities :

    EXPERTISE & CONSULTINGin standards, pre-regulation,

    regulation, testing

    PHYSICAL TESTING

    AD testing needs & roadmapAD keypoints & scenarios

    Coming soon:AD proving grounds & EquipmentsPublic road circuit for robustness

    VIRTUAL TESTINGDRIVING SIMULATOROn discussion / link with

    French OEMs and R&D

    SAFETY regulation conformity assessment

    Audit ISO 26262 + new SOTIF

    Regulation no ADAS M1 regulation, AD regulation in 2018

    Consumers Euro NCAP ratings AEB/LKA ratings, AD ratings in ~2020

    OEMs testing needs now for R&D, and higher than regulation

    NB : adaptive lighting for ADAS/AD regulation & testing OK : R123 , R48 on-board

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    Regulation address ADAS & AD systems (not components)

    24/11/2016

    ADAS & AD 17 systems Techno readiness

    Longitudinal control ACC Now

    Lateral control LK Now

    Emergency braking AEBS Now

    Basic IHM & driver alert Now

    Complex IHM & driver monitoring 2019

    Cooperation/arbitration HM 2025

    Emergency manoeuvre EM 2018

    Minimum risk manoeuvre MRM 2018

    Lane change LC 2018

    Ways in & out management 2020

    Lights & intersection management 2025

    VRU Management 2020

    V2V 2020

    Platooning 2020 ?

    V2I 2025

    Safety always on 2025

    ADDR/DSSA 2018

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    AD regulation draft

    24/11/2016

    Items in AD regulation draft :

    Draft built every 2-3 month in UNECE/WP29/ACSF WG

    (Automatically Controlled Steering Function)all countries/OEM except US/China

    R79 amendments , Only for M1 & highway autonomous drivingwill probably regulate ADAS LKA/TJA5 categories : A, B, C, D, E

    sept.2016: in UNECE WP29 GRRF regulation WG sept.2016: official regulation draft for B1(LKA)

    Febr.2017 for A (park assist) & B2 (LKP) In 2018: regulation & tests for homologation

    4 sec. for driver to come back to driving if necessary minimum risk manoeuvre (MRM)

    & emergency manoeuvre (EM) 3 min. maxi of AD (for safety) Driver availability recognition system ADDR probably

    ADAS & AD 17 systemsTechno

    readiness

    Longitudinal control ACC Now

    Lateral control LK Now

    Emergency braking AEBS Now

    Basic IHM & driver alert Now

    Complex IHM & driver monitoring 2019

    Cooperation/arbitration HM 2025

    Emergency manoeuvre EM 2018

    Minimum risk manoeuvre MRM 2018

    Lane change LC 2018

    Ways in & out management 2020

    Lights & intersection management 2025

    VRU Management 2020

    V2V 2020

    Platooning 2020 ?

    V2I 2025

    Safety always on 2025

    (probably) ADDR/DSSA 2018

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    AD regulation draft

    24/11/2016

    UTAC CERAM is actor in French delegationIn 2017 a pre-regulation engineer 50% in VEDECOM

    homologation tests are discussed in AD regulation draft

    11 tests for E categorie (highway pilot with lane change without driver validation)

    FU1 FU2 EM1A EM2 TR1 TR2 TR4

    Curved track Straight track Straight track Straight track Curved track Curved track Curved track

    Lane keeping Lane changeBrakingtarget

    Stationary target

    Lateral acceleration

    exceeded

    Missing lane marking

    Failure in a curve

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    Regulation review & UTAC CERAM Testing Roadmap

    24/11/2016

    1990- 2011 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022

    ABS, ESP, Speed limitation,Speed regulation

    AEB car2car LDW SAS

    AEB car2pedestrian LKA SAS-2

    AEB bicycle AEB car2car ph.2(angle/overlap/cut-in) LSS & SAS-2

    ADAS & AD complete ratings ?

    AEB turn assist/crossing /partial junction assist

    virtual co-pilot partial AD

    R&D Testing

    AD Testing for: Autopark shuttles V2V-V2I R&D

    AD Testing for: trafic jam pilot highway pilot City & V2V-V2I

    AD & ADAS completeTesting /rating /homologation

    AD Testing for: Extended vehicle Off-board services

    Regulation & Homologation testingno ADAS regulation(only for ESP and trucks AEB & LDW)

    ADAS & AD regulation (R79 amendment) for highway assist/pilot & autopark

    ADAS & AD regul.in cities ?cyber security ?All vehicles ? .

    ADAS & AD regulation all RXX amendments ? all AD systems ?On roads ?

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    Standards to prepare or to complete regulationStandards are optional, not mandatory

    UTAC - BNA:is co-leader of ISO/TC22 ISO/TC22 (delegation from AFNOR)coordinates in all groups the french positions with french OEMs & Stakeholders

    Current standards development or possible to start:

    Standardisation Review : ISO/TC22 groups

    24/11/2016

    Automatic braking measurements test

    Lane keeping assist vehicle response

    Taxonomy (revue of the SAE J3016)

    (could be proposed)

    IHM specificities for autonomous vehicle

    Definitions of measures of human performance

    & state for AD (soon proposed)

    Cyber security

    ISO 26262 functional safety

    Gigabit Ethernet

    Event Data Recorder (ADDR / DSSA)

    (to be proposed)

    Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    Automated shuttles : Authorized on private roads Already in production, sales, exploitation Important for last km mobility & urban

    public transport No vehicle type, No regulation, No

    homologation tests, No Norm but Obligation of safety (Directive

    2001/95/CE)

    UTAC CERAM uses its expertise in regulation & testing of all types of vehicles

    and is building pre-regulation & testingfor french VEDECOM research institute

    UTAC CERAM co-leads French WG testing & homologation of automated public transport and provides support to :

    shuttle manufacturers (Easymile, Navya,) shuttle operators (Transdev, RATP, Keolis)

    AD Shuttles

    24/11/2016 Alain PIPERNO UTAC CERAM

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    3 AD main functions , many critical events/scenarios/misuses/behaviours :

    AD Testing & Homologation Keypoints

    24/11/2016

    PERCEIVEFast & Well