Le passé composé

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Le passé composé. Let’s talk about the past. Le passé composé =. Preterit in English - ed ending for regular verbs in the past . c omposé = deux parties. p artie I= verbe auxiliaire au présent avoir être. partie II = participe passé - er = é - ir = i -re = u. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Le passé composé

Le pass compos

Le pass composLets talk about the pastLe pass compos =Preterit in English

-ed ending for regular verbs in the past compos = deux partiespartie I= verbe auxiliaire au prsentavoirtrepartie II = participe pass-er = -ir = i-re = ujainous avonstu asvous avezil/elle/on ails/elles ontje suisnous sommestu esvous tesil/elle/on estils/elles sontSP + aux. + PP = le pass composmais quels sont les participes passs ?quelques participes passs-er verbs-ir verbsregarder = regardparler = parlcouter = couttudier = tudidanser = danschanter = chant

tomber = tomballer = allrver = rv

finir = finiagir = agiragir = ragirussir = russichoisir = choisi

bnir = bnimentir = mentisortir = sorti

-re verbsvendre = vendurendre = renduattendre = attenduperdre = perduentendre = entendu

descendre = descendupendre = pendutenir = tenu

Ils ont dans.

Il a chant.

Ils ont jou au basket.

Elle a chant.

Elle a parl. Il a rpondu.

Vous avez voyag ?participes passs irrguliersThere are PP that dont follow any pattern- they must be memorized!apprendre = apprisavoir = euboire = bucomprendre =comprisdevoir = dcrire = crittre = tfaire = faitlire = lu

mettre = mispouvoir = puprendre = prisvenir = venuvoir = vuvouloir = voulu

Some of these may be new verbs- but this list is the most basic.

Quelques questionsQuest-ce que tu as lu cet automne ?

Il a fait quel temps hier ?

Quelle est la dernire fois que vous avez crit une lettre au Pre Nol ?

Est-ce que vous avez compris ?

Vos devoirs- HomeworkWrite a ten sentence paragraph explaining what you did this summer. Use the verbs mentioned in this PowerPoint. Make sure that each sentence is a complete sentence! Turn your homework in to the French II Common Folder on the MCA Network tomorrow before noon.Les ngations au pass composne pasYou know that the negation goes AROUND the verb in French.Je ne veux pas tudier.Elle naime pas les devoirs.au pass composThe negation still goes AROUND the verb- the helping verb :Elle na pas compris.SP neg AUX neg PPEst-ce que tu as faitNegate the following sentences. Remember, the negation goes AROUND the helping verb!

Modle: sauter dun avion

Non, je nai pas saut dun avion.crire un livre

donner du sang

vendre ton petit-frre

manger de lescargot

boire du sriracha

le pass compos avec tretre or avoir ?So far, weve learned about past participles that use avoir as their helping/auxiliary verb in the pass composBut not all verbs use avoir in fact, there are 16 that do not.Dr. Mrs. Van der TrampElle va tre ta meilleure amie

or you can use something like this tour dtre.d= descendrer= resterm= monterr= retourners = sortirv= venira= arrivern= natred= devenire= entrerr=rentrert= tomberr= revenira= allerm= mourirp= partirdescendurestmontretournsortivenuarrivndevenuentrrentrtomb revenuallmortpartiDRMRSVANDERTRAMPThese 16 verbs use tre as their helping verb

But were not done yetje suisnous sommestu esvous tesil/elle/on estils/elles sontSpecial Rule:Past participles that use tre in the pass compos MUST AGREE with their subject pronoun in NUMBER and GENDER

kinda like adjectives, right?actually, exactly like adjectives.Check out these two sentences:Il est all au cinma hier soir.

Elle est alle au cinma hier soir.and these two:Tu suis arriv en retard la fte.

Vous tes arrivs en retard a la fte.to make PP agree:Depending on the NUMBER and GENDER of the SP (subject pronoun), you may need to add endings to your PP.Follow this table:

masculinfmininsingulier ______ + epluriel + s + esIl est all.

Ils sont alls.

Elle est alle.

Elles sont alles.

REMEMBER!!!!Masculin Singular = nothing, nada, zilch

Feminine Singular = add an e

Masculine Plural = add an s

Feminine Plural = add esActivitLes parties de parole- The parts of speechVous tes devenues des mots et des lettresYou can your classmates will create grammatically correct sentences using different parts of speech.Each student will have roles to play, as a SP, an auxiliary verb, a PP, and/or an ending.The first group to create a correct sentence wins!

Rules:Silence ! No talking!

Take the sheets from under your desk.

You represent this part or these parts of speech.

Find others with whom you can make a grammatically correct sentence.Les devoirs pour le week-end:Sur le wiki:Available this eveningDue Monday by noonDo not change file typeDo save it with your last nameSave it to our FR 2 Common FolderDo NOT send it to me