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OBSERVATIONS ON THE PSYCHO-SOCIAL ADAPTATION TO URBANIZATION OF A SAMPLE OF CHILDREN
AURORA CALLEYA-S~FTOIU, VIRGINIA RUSS, and DONA CHIRCULESCU
Adaptation to urbanization is an important problem in modem life. In Rumania the peak of the migration from countryside to town occurred between 1940 and 1950. The present study compares a group of 869 schoolchildren, whose families had migrated to the town within the last 25 y m (E) with a control group of 1,591 children (C) whose families were of urban origin. The two groups were living in comparable housing in a newly built area. 81 per cent of the fathen of the E children were manual workers, compared with 63 per cent of the C children. Families groups were larger in E homes, and often consisted of several generations. Various comparisons between the groups are reported. The stable ways of rural life tend to persist on migration to the city, and the scholastic performance of the E children tends to be better. However t h m is a larger proportion of parents exercising too little controI, and the amount of social maladjustment is rather higher among E children, most frequently due to the intellectual deficiency. Transplantation from country to town, however, has been achieved. without serious psychological and social dislocation.