Tâche finale à réaliser par les élèves en groupe ( groupe ... ?· 2-The trailer of “Cry Freedom”…

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Tche finale raliser par les lves en groupe ( groupe rfrent = celui de la salle danglais ) :

Crer un diaporama (images et quelques phrases explicatives) sur le thme de lAfrique du sud

partir des documents tudis en cours dhistoire gographie et en anglais ) rendre sur cl USB

version Open Office ou PDF. Not / 20


1- La situation gographique de lAfrique du Sud :

a) Dans le monde : carte

b) En Afrique : carte

c) Les drapeaux : anciens et actuel ( signification)

d) Les capitales et les villes principales : images et explications

e) Population et ses origines , climat , ressources

f) Les Townships

2- La situation politique actuelle :

a) Dans le Commonwealth : carte et explications

b) Le prsident actuel : nom, photo


1- L Apartheid :

a) Signification , date , responsables politiques lorigine de ce systme lgal.

b) Une sgrgation raciale : photos dexemples + explications

c) La contestation et la rpression : photos et explications

2- Les hros de la lutte contre lApartheid :

A) Steven Biko : photos + explications + rfrence au film

B) Nelson Mandela

- Photos et courte biographie

- Robben Island : photos de la prison, de la cellule + dates de lemprisonnement

- La protestation internationale pour sa libration et la fin de lApartheid : photos + chanson

- Son accession au pouvoir et la nation arc en ciel : photos + explications

3- Le film Invictus de Clint Eastwood :

a) Images + court rsum

b) Le titre du film / le pome

c) Le rugby comme symbole dunit nationale.

III- CONCLUSION : en franais ou en anglais

1- LAfrique du Sud aujourdhui :

a) La situation politique

b) Une galit des droits ?

2- Un pays riche ou pauvre ?

3- Notre rencontre avec des rugbymen Sud-Africains : photos, interview

EPI : South Africa, Apartheid and Nelson Mandela

1-Apartheid :

The BBC News report deals with Apartheid in South Africa.

Apartheid began in 1948 and it was a legal system imposed by the

white minority over the black majority. There were laws which

imposed segregation / separation between the two peoples.

The laws imposed racial discrimination : non-white people ( black ,

mixed race) were discriminated and considered as inferior. It was a

racist system ( racism) .

Black people were segregated /separated from the whites in many

aspects of theirs lives:

for their place of living : living , doing business or owning land in

white areas were banned / forbidden.

In public facilities: the means of transport ( for example,

buses) , schools but also hospitals, restaurants, bars, the post-

office, parks, beaches had white and non-white sections

written in English and in Afrikaan.

In their private lives : interracial marriage was banned /


For their civil rights: they were not regarded / considered as

citizens but they were aliens / foreigners in cities. They had to

live together, in townships ( ghettos) , in black homeland (=

black territories).

If they didn't respect the laws, they were arrested , sent to prison

and often beaten, tortured .

But in 1960, there was a huge / march / demonstration: black people

fought peacefully for their rights but there was a massive police

oppression and it ended in a massacre.

In 1962, Nelson Mandela, the leader of the ANC ( African National

Congress) was arrested and sent to Robben Isalnd prison where he

stayed until 1990.

He was set free in 1990 and in 1994 , he became the first black

South African president and it was the end of Apartheid.

2-The trailer of Cry Freedom , a film directed by Richard

Attenborough in 1987 , starring Denzel Washington as Steve


It deals with the story of Steve Biko, a black activist in the

1980's ( nineteen eighties : from 1980 to 1989) who fought for

justice and equality between black and white people and against

Apartheid ( order was maintained by force ). He was helped by a

white journalist and a priest. He became a leader who made

speeches to force black people to defend their rights. So first

he was banned (= forbidden ) to speak in public and he was

menaced. Then he was arrested ,put on trial and sentenced to

prison. Finally, in prison, he was tortured so as to get

information about other activists and he died.

3-A biography of Nelson Mandela.

He was born on July 18th , 1918 in a small village. His father was

a tribal chief so he was an important man in the black

community. At 7 , he started his British education in a boarding

school and was called Nelson by his teacher.

In 1941 , he discovered racial discrimination . He joined the

A.N.C ( = African National Congress) , a peaceful movement

fighting against Apartheid. He became a lawyer and travelled

the country in order to defend Black people.

In 1960, the ANC was declared outlaw (= illegal) . During a

protest march , 67 black people , including children, were killed

by the white police. As a leader, Mandela was arrested and

condemned to a life - sentence prison on Robben Island. He

became a world-wide symbol of resistance : protest songs were

written to demand his freedom and the end of Apartheid.

In 1990, Mandela was released. In 1993 , he received the Nobel

Peace Prize. In 1994 , black people were allowed to vote so

Mandela was elected president. He died on December 5th , 2013.

4- Protest in the world against Apartheid and for the freedom of Mandela :

A) Concerts in Europe : the British band, Simple Minds , sang their famous song Mandela

Day before Mandela was released from prison.

B) In South Africa, Johnny Clegg , nicknamed the white zulu sang and danced with his

group , Savuka composed of black Zulus. His famous song Asimbonanga was sung in

African language and English and spoke about Mandela in prison and other black activists

such as Steve Biko.

Simple Minds MANDELA DAY 1989 Johnny Clegg and Savuka , Asimbonanga


It was 25 years they take that man away

Now the freedom moves in closer every day

Wipe the tears down from your saddened eyes

They say Mandela's free so step outside

Oh oh oh oh Mandela day

Oh oh oh oh Mandela's free

It was 25 years ago this very day

Held behind four walls all through night and day

Still the children know the story of that man

And I know what's going on right through your land

25 years ago

Na na na na Mandela day

Oh oh oh Mandela's free

If the tears are flowing wipe them from your face

I can feel his heartbeat moving deep inside

It was 25 years they took that man away

And now the world come down say Nelson Mandela's


Oh oh oh oh Mandela's free

The rising suns sets Mandela on his way

It's been 25 years around this very day

From the one outside to the ones inside we say

Oh oh oh oh Mandela's free

Oh oh oh set Mandela free

Na na na na Mandela day

Na na na na Mandela's free

25 years ago

What's going on

And we know what's going on

Cos we know what's going on

Asimbonanga--------------------(we have not seen him)

Asimbonang' umandela thina-----(we have not seen


Laph'ekhona--------------------(in the place where he


Laph'ehleli khona--------------(in the place where he

is kept)

Oh the sea is cold and the sky is grey

Look across the island into the bay

We are all islands till comes the day

We cross the burning water

Asimbonanga--------------------(we have not seen him)

Asimbonang' umandela thina-----(we have not seen


Laph'ekhona--------------------(in the place where he


Laph'ehleli khona--------------(in the place where he

is kept)

A seagull wings across the sea

Broken silence is what I dream

Who has the words to close the distance

Between you and me

Steve biko, victoria mxenge

Neil aggett

5- The trailer of Invictus , a film directed by clint

Eastwood in 2009, starring Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela

and Matt Damon as Franois Pinaar, the rugby team leader.

First, the film starts with a view of Robben Island prison where

/ in which Mandela was a prisoner. We can hear the poem

Invictus Mandela was reciting every morning in his cell.

Then, we can see Mandela in his car as the new president of

South Africa. We can also notice the contrast between poor

black children, wearing rags / worn-out clothes and rich white

boys playing rugby with nice sports clothes.

Finally , the film shows Mandela didn't want to revenge but he

wanted to unite his country. He wanted all people to be united

thanks to rugby. He wanted the South African rugby team to

win the World Cup.

He wanted people to face their destiny so he created the

Rainbow Nation in which people with different origins and

colours could live together.

NELSON MANDELA ( 1918 / 2013)

INVICTUS ( 1892)

by William Henley,an English poet

French translation of the poem, taken from

the film Invictus.

Out of the night that covers me,

Black as the pit from pole to pole,

I thank whatever gods may be

For my unconquerable soul.

In the fell clutch of circumstance

I have not winced nor cried aloud.

Under the bludgeonings of chance

My head is bloody, but unbowed.

Beyond this place of wrath and tears

Looms but the horror of the shade,

And yet the menace of the years

Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.

It matters not how strait the gate,

How charged with punishments the scroll,

I am the master of my fate:

I am the captain of my soul.

Dans les tnbres qui menserrent,

Noires comme un puits o lon se noie,

Je rends grce aux dieux quels quils soient,

Pour mon me invincible et fire,

Dans de cruelles circonstances,

Je nai ni gmi ni pleur,

Meurtri par cette existence,

Je suis debout bien que bless,

En ce lieu de colre et de pleurs,

Se profile lombre de la mort,

Et je ne sais ce que me rserve le sort,

Mais je suis et je resterai sans peur,

Aussi troit soit le chemin,

Nombreux les chtiments infmes,

Je suis le matre de mon destin :

Je suis le capitaine de mon me.

Nelson MANDELA loved this poem. He read it every day in his cell of the prison in which he

was imprisoned for 27 years because of his opposition to Apartheid.

Read the poem and tick the right answers. In the poem , highlight what helps you.

1- When he was in prison, Mandela felt :

angry hopeful desperate proud

2- When he was tortured , he :

screamed cried resisted submitted

3- When he faced death , he was :

brave unafraid scared terrified

4- In his cell, he :

had regrets realized he was wrong was conscious of his destiny

was aware that he was responsible for his life.