Water Environment Sanitation

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Water Environment Sanitation

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    PaulJ.Biron

    TerminologyfA WaterSupplyandWorldBank- Environmental Englisl-FrenchUNICEFGlossary Sanitation French-English

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    A World Bank-UNICEFGlossaryGlossaire ditdconjointementparla Banque mondialeet l'UNICEF

    Terminology f WaterSupplyand EnvironmentalSanitationTerminologiee l'approvisionnementen eau et de l'assainissementu milieu

    English-FrenchFrancais-anglais

    Paul J. Biron

    TheWorldBankWashington,D.C.

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    Copyright 1987UNICEF UnitedNationsChildrens Fund)(Fonds des NationsUniespour l'enfance)InternationalBank for Reconstructionand Development The WorldBankBanque internationalepour la reconstructionet le developpement Banque mondiale

    1818 H Street, N.W.Washington,D.C.20433,U.SAAll ights eservedTousdroits eservesFirstprintingMay1987Premi&reditionmai1987SecondprintingNovember 990Deuxieme ditionnovembre 990Manufactured n the United States of AmericaPublie aux Etats-Unisd'AmeriqueLibraryof CongressCataloging n Publication DataBiron, Paul J.

    Terminology f water supply and environmentalsanitation(A WorldBank-UNICEFlossary)English and French1. Water supply engineering-Dictionaries.2. Sanitaryengineering-Dictionaries. 3. Englishlanguage-Dictionaries-French. 4. Water supply

    engineering-Dictionaries-French. 5. Sanitaryengineering-Dictionaries-French. 6. Frenchlanguage-Dictionaries-English. I. Title.11. eries.TD9.B57 1985 628'.03'21 85-16863ISBN0-8213-0585-9

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    iii

    Contents-Table des matieres

    IntroductoryNote vNote de PresentationTerminology f Water Supplyand EnvironmentalSanitation 3English-FrenchTerminologie e l'approvisionnement n eau et de l'assainissement 93FranCais-AnglaisAnnex 1-Health 157Annexe 1-SanteAnnex2-Formulae 163Annexe 2-Formulaire

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    v

    MATERIELET FOURNITURES EQUIPMENTANDSUPPLIESDES PROJETS D'HYDRAULIQUE FORWATER UPPLYANDET DASSAINISSEMENT DU ENVIRONMENTALANITATIONMILIEU PROJECTS

    GLOSSAIRE ABRGE ABRIDGEDGLOSSARYFRANCAIS/ANGLAIS ENGLISH/FRENCHPar ByPaul J. Biron Paul J. BironIngenieur A & M Ingenieur A & MUNICEF-PDPD/ WET-HQ UNICEF-PDPD/WET-HQ

    Note de Presentation IntroductoryNoteLa liste suivante ne pretend ni etre complete,ni epuiser e The following ist does not pretend to be exhaustive orsujet Des dictionnaires xistent a cet effet Toutefois eux-ci complete.Dictionariesexist already or this purpose.peuvent ne pas e^tre portee immediatede l'utilisateur. However, hey may not be readily availablewhen needed.Ce qui suit tend d foumir un glossaired'acces acile en What followsmerelyattempts to provide the user with afrancaiset en anglais des termes es plus frequemment handy French/Englishglossaryof the terms moreemploydsen matidred'hydraulique t d'assainissement u frequentlyused in connectionwithwater supply andmilieu. environmental anitation.11 mprunteabondammentaux descriptions t It is largely based on the descriptionsand terminologiesterminologies etenuespar les constructeurs e matriel et used by equipmentmanufacturersand suppliers.foumisseurs The followingpresentationhas been adopted:La prdsentation epose sur les principessuivants: (a) Wheneverseveralequivalent ranslationsexist or(a) Lorsqueplusieurs traductionssont possibles ou should be considered, he words are separated by

    doivent etre envisagdes, es dquivalent ont sdpards the sign .par le signe /. i.e., drillingrig-atelier de forage sondeuseEx: exhaure pumping/water lifting (b) Whenever he translations have differentmeanings,(b) Lorsqueplusieurs traductionsont des acceptions they are separated by ;.differentes,elles sont sdpareespar; . i.e., agent-agent/factor; assistantEx: agent agent/facteur;assistant (c) Whenever he entry refers to a key wordquoted(c) Lorsque 'articlereprendun nom cld precedemment earlier, he latter is replacedby the sign (-).citd,ce dernierest remplacepar (-). i.e., Under Jack, leveling ack is renderedbyEx: Sous la rubriqueSondeuse, sondeuse au leveling -)battage apparaft n (-) au battage (d) Whenever he item represents a variationon a(d) Lorsque 'articleest une varianted'un article previouslyquoted entry, the latter is replaced byprecedent,ce demier est ddsignepar (-id-) the sign (-id-).Ex: ApresForaged la boue, le foragea la boue en i.e., After eveling ack, hydraulic,a screw ypecirculation nverse est rendue par (-id-)en leveling ack appears as (-id-)screw ype.

    circulation nverse. Useof the listed wordspresupposesa basic knowledge fLulilisationdes mots citds dansla liste prdsuppose ne grammatical ules of concordance n gender and number.connaissance uffisante des reglesgrammaticales 'accord In Annex 1 are listed diseases related to deficienciesnen genre et en nombre. water supply and/or sanitation,classified ccording o theirL'annexeI regroupe, elon un classement-de eurorigine origin and transmission.et de leur transmission,es maladiesattribuables ux Annex 2 compilesconversionactors of frequent use andinsuffisancesde l'approvisionnement equivalentsbetweenunits.L'annexe2 regroupeun certainnombre de facteursdeconversion 'usage courantet de correspondance ntreunites

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    Terminology fWaterSupplyand EnvironmentalSanitationEnglish-French

    i

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    3

    A alternativeenergy dnergiee substitutionamount montant; teneur/proportion

    to abandon a well abandonnerun puits analysisof water analysesde controdleabnormal anormal bacteriological-) (-) bactdriologique(-) dip pendage () anchor ancreabrasion abrasion/drosion guy (-) ancragedu haubannageabrasive abrasif anchorage ancrage(-) cloth/paper toile/papieremeri/papier annular annulairedeverre angle angleABS acrylonitrile-butadiene- deviation -) (-) de deviationstyrene (-) of dip (-) d'inclinaisonou deabutment culde pendageabutting joint assemblageen about anticlinal idge areteanticlinaleaccretion accroissementpar dep6t anticline anticlinald'alluvions arrested (-) (-) tronqueasymmetric (-) (-J asymetriqueacreage superficie composite -) (-) complexeelongated (-) (-) allongeactivity actiuite erect (-) (-) droitrespiratory (-) (-) respiratoire exposed (-) (-) affleurantadjustable rigglable overturned(-) (-) deverserecumbent ( ( renverseadjusting rod tige de rallonge apron tablieradsorption adsorption . ..(-) by activatedcarbon (-) sur charbon actif aquifer aqutfere/nappe/eau(xJsouterraine(s)advantage avantage confined -) nappe captivemechanical -) brasde levier effet unconfined -) nappe libremultiplicateurd'un bras arch vot2tede levieraeration of water supplies adrationdes eaux de area aire/surfaceconsommation continental (-) (-) continentale(-) of waste water (-) des eaux rdsiduaires (-) of truncation (-) d'erosionaerator adrateur arm brassurface (-) (-) de surface rocker (-) brinqueballeaerial antenne ae'rien assistant adjoint/agenttechnical(-) (-) techniqueageing vieillissement auger/ground ( tariereagent agentwetting (-) (-) mouillant axils axeanticlinal (-) (-Janticlinalaggregate agrdgat (-) of crystal (-) d'un crystalopen graded (-) (-)grossier/poreux fold (-) (-) de plissementunindurated (-) agglomeratsnon plunging/ (-) plongeantconsolides pitching(-)trough (-) (-) synclinalaggressivityof carbonic cid aggressivitl carbonique axleair airintake (-) (-) aspire'compressed (-) (-) comprime Bdischarge (-) (-) de refoulement(-) lift gazosiphonalkaline alcalin back axle pont arridrealluvium alluvion/terred'alluvion back digger rdtrocaveuse

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    backfill terrede remblayage/ balance balanceremblai (-) beam fleau(-) bob balancierd contrepoidsbackfilling remblayage/remblaiement/ mud (-) (-) d bouerebouchage (-) weight contrepoids

    backfiring retourd'allumage balancing dquilibrage/compensationbackflow refoulement/reflux balk poutre/solivebatckfolding plissement en retour ball bille/boulebackground arriere-plan;donnees de (-) bearing roulement/palierbase; soubassement (-id-) cage cagede (-)(-) noise bruit de fond (-id-) cup cuvette de (-(-) clay argileplastiquebackhoe pelle retrocaveuse (-) cock robinet/soupapea flotteurmecanique (-) joinV(-) and joint d rotule/joint( ) loader chargeuse-pelleteuse/ socket oint spheriqueretro-chargeuse (-) peen hammer marteau d panne bomb&e(-) thrust bearing palierde butee/debacking renforcement/soutien crapaudined billes(-) pass (welding) passe de soutien (soudure)(-) weld soudure de (-) ballast ballast/lest/empierrement

    backlash contre-coup; eu balling/balling up bourrage/embourbagebacklath palplanche balloon ballon/reservoirbackloader retro-chargeuse ball stone calcaireconcretionneback-off deissage band bande/ruban/courroie;

    (-( tool coulisse de battage intercalationde roches(-) brake frein d bande/d collierback pass passe sur Ienvers (-) clamp collierd'obturation(welding) (soudure) (-) conveyor convoyeur d bandeback pressure contrapression (-) pulley/(-) wheel poulie d courrofe(-) valve soupape de retenue banded rubane/strie'

    back slope surface structurale banding frettageback: urge pression de retour bank banc/levee de tenre/back hrusting retrocharriage/ remblaichevauchement en retour banking remblayage/remblaiback wist (of a cable) contre-torsion d'un cdble) bar barre/bancbackups/back-up ongs cles de blocag