L’Imparfait & le Plus-que-parfait & L'infinitifs passés

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    28-Aug-2014

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<p>LImparfait</p> <p> Describes conditions that were taking place when another action occurred; used to describe habitual actions or occurrences; used to describe the past.</p> <p> Present indicative nous stem + (-ais; -ais; -ait; -ions; -iez; aient)</p> <p> Les gens venaient me voir. Il y avait des gens que je ne connaissais pas.</p> <p> Exception: tre</p> <p> Jtais</p> <p> Nous tions</p> <p> Tu tais</p> <p> Vous tiez</p> <p> Il tait</p> <p> Ils taient</p> <p>Pass Compos vs. Imparfait</p> <p> What happened? = pass compos</p> <p> What was going on? = imparfait</p> <p> Using pass compos</p> <p> Used to describe:</p> <p> Completed action (has obvious beginning and end)</p> <p> Heir soir, jai pris mon dner, jai fait la vaisselle et jai fini mes devoirs. </p> <p> Changes in state of being</p> <p> I was hiking in the mountains and became scared after seeing a bear Jai eu peur. (I was scared/got scared); Jai t terrifi (I was terrified/I became terrified)</p> <p> Using the imparfait</p> <p> Used to describe:</p> <p> Ongoing past activities with unclear endings; often interrupted by shorter actions in the pass compos</p> <p> Hier soir, je regardais un match de football la tl quand le tlphone a sonn.</p> <p> Habitual or repeated events in the past. These verbs tend to be translated to used to or would.</p> <p> Quand jtais jeune, on allait la plage chaque t.</p> <p> States of being. Often tre and avoir are used.</p> <p> Pass compos indicators: hier, une fois, tout coup</p> <p> Imparfait indicators: souvent, tous les jours, toutes les semaines, chaque anne, en general</p> <p>Plus-que-Parfait</p> <p>-Used to describe something that already happened before something else took place in the past</p> <p>Formation:</p> <p>- Imparfait of auxiliary verb (tre or avoir) + past participle (main verb)</p> <p>Quand il est arrive la fte, ses amis taient dj partis. </p> <p> Auxiliary Verb</p> <p> Formed in imparfait</p> <p> House of tre verbs take tre as the auxiliary verb</p> <p> For negated sentences, just the auxiliary verb is negated.</p> <p> Past Participle</p> <p> If conjugated with tre, the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject.</p> <p> If conjugated with avoir, the past participle agrees in gender and number if theres a preceding direct object.</p> <p> Elle mavait habille et coiffe.</p> <p>Past Infinitive</p> <p> Except for en, infinitives are used after prepositions. Following aprs, a past infinitive must be used. </p> <p> Aprs avoir chant, il a mange le poulet.</p>